Saturday, September 18, 2010

Adaptive Structuration Theory (Structuring Theory Of Adaptive)

Stated by Poole. The main idea of this theory is that members of members in a group, create the group as they play a role therein.

Model phases:
• Orientation: the business became the focus for the purpose of these groups is unclear; relationship becomes uncertain; members needed more information.
• Conflict: the group who disagree about how to face problems and opposition arguments from another point of view; members determine their own position.
• Merging: the tensions will be reduced through peaceful negotiations; members allow others to save themselves by adopting a pricing solution that is acceptable by everyone.
• Progress: group concentrated in the road to implement a single solution; members involved and excited.
• Integration: the freedom of the tension focus group solidarity is more than a job; members respect one another for unity of effort.
According to Poole, communication has no significant effect in both process and outcome; only group members through five levels.

Structuration by Giddens:
Anthony Giddens uses the phrase rule and reason (rules and resources) replaced by the term structure. Rules (rules) is a formula that must be adhered to action. These rules are suggested to the participants how to play the game. Reason (resources) means that all the relevant personal characteristics, abilities, knowledge, and ownership in the people they bring in the interaction.

Giddens structure is the core concept that led to adaptive structuration theory (adaptive structuration theory). Poole called adaptive structuration theory (adaptive structuration) because it examines the members of the task group deliberately adapting the rules and reason (rules and resources) in order to refine their decision-making purposes.

Interaction-awareness of morality, communication and power
There are two main points of the theory of adaptive restructuring. Two main points include the following:
a. First, communication in small working groups make a difference. We may know the group structure, the basics of the job, even the history and personalities of the existing members. But it is impossible to predict what decision will be made by the group without hearing what they have to say. This communication problem.
b. Second, adaptive structuring theory has a "critical edge" or the end of the critical limit. Critical edge remind us that can give birth to the exercises that are not fair and free the people from the pressing system.

Uses and abuses of roles and resources
Poole directs a small group roles as a means to show about how something should be done or express about what is good or bad. While source lead what someone / individuals who are handing off the task form materials, positions, or attributes that can be used to influence or control the actions taken by members or group communication, and in this fast interpersonal relation againts arising as a source of conversation in one space / areas where communication takes place.

Production of the changes, reproduction of stability
Adaptive Structuration Theory focused on processes within the group, whose members apply the rules and resources in the interaction. People were also interested in the product group that produced and reproduced through interaction.

Crafting the Decision
Group decision making decision-makers. Decision is the final product of the process of production and reproduction. For example if you have and then focus on the 12 member authority theory to students of a class to write a quiz then we produce change. But if we focus on the basic learning from each theory and adopts the familiar structure of education, then we produce stability.

Duality of Structure
People want to know more influence on the regulation of structuration processes and resources. Duality of structure is the key to find the influence. Duality of structure to explain the ideas that the rules and the source includes the source and result of the interaction. The decision not only influenced by the structure of the group but also affects the rules and resources. This helps explain the reason why groups sometimes stable and predictable, sometimes volatile and unpredictable. It all depends on how the group members accept the rules and resources.
A process will produce:
• Stability: Regulation and sources used in the future be used in the same way.
• Changes: Regulation and the sources used can change in a process called interdepenetration of structures.

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